A Report is a form of academic writing which is distinct from an essay. The primary purpose of a Report is not to mount an argument but rather to define, relay and analyse information (though, a Report may express a particular point of view or make suggestions for action).
Journalism is a fast paced industry, requiring reporters to get the facts about newsworthy events and to write about them before a deadline strikes. It takes a certain amount of skill to be able to do this. Despite the pace, news reporters must adhere to high standards, and should have a firm understanding of news.